Land Art, also called Earth Art, Environmental Art or Earthworks
is primarily a sculptural movement encompassing creative work
that integrates physical or conceptual elements of landscape into
finished works of art. Landscape and art are inextricably linked
using nature and natural materials, organic media, with some
introduced materials. The landscape is the means to the creations,
the sculpture is not placed in the landscape. The creation is left to
change and erode under natural conditions.
The movement began in The United States; Europe jumped right in
and continues to embrace Land Art in the design schools and classes
throughout the countries.
Land Art began on a very large scale where earth moving equipment
was necessary. There are wonderful books showing conception to
completion and into the eroding process that you are able to enjoy.
All of that is very costly, when Europe adopted the art form they
brought it to other dimensions other than huge. Land art can be
as small as a composition of leaves floating in a pond, rocks formed
in a pattern or stack by the water, tucked into a garden that you
happen to see. It can be created anywhere-
The sculpture in the modern sense of the term the art of giving
form to an object from raw materials or assembling different materials.
Types of sculptures are relief:
a : a mode of sculpture in which forms and
figures are distinguished from a surrounding plane surface
b : sculpture or a sculptural form executed in this mode
c : projecting detail, ornament, or figures, bas-relief, (: a kind of
sculpture in which shapes are carved so that they are only slightly
higher than the flat background) and high relief (: sculptural relief
in which at least half of the circumference of the modeled form projects —
There can be sculptures with dominance in color or lines. Finding
that special place that an accent will be placed on respecting nature,
something that contrasts or intergrades with in nature. Land Art works
with all senses, sight, hearing, taste, same and touch. The sculptures are
the most seen, there are also mobiles, hanging objects and Mandalas.
The first step of all of this is to find that perfect place for installation,
in the Himalayan Mountains. The paths are not wide or sophisticated,
loose rock, washed out areas, irregular intervals, wet places, animal
droppings with your backpack. Choose the area, decide what you will
like to do and just begin with a few things in mind. It cannot compete
with the area in size, color, shape or appearance.
The first day in class each student worked on individual projects of
creating something that fits into an environment, small as creating
flowers, birds, bugs from rock, wire, grass, sticks, fresh and dried foliages.
Day two was making a Mandala in groups of two students, choosing the
place, materials creating in time for the class to walk around to see them
all before the sun went down. Nice hiking every day.
Day three we were at the river very fast flowing with amazing rocks for
rock towers and other works. This one I was lucky to work with two young
very talented designers from Poland. They have a floral design school there
and compete and judge Land Art all over Europe- amazing, talented and
kind people-who spoke great English.
The process for this project was walking around casually looking at areas
that would support the art. Setting on rocks looking and thinking….this
was so hard for me, I wanted to start….I was patient. Besides natural
materials we were issued some powdered color, two bags each. Monica
walked under the bridge, around a corner to see a cave like break in the
rock. It was decided to construct a winding path of elevated stones from
the shore under the bridge around 6 yards into the mouth of the cane.
Then we began, I loved every second. They were so helpful in explaining
the process and showing me how to accomplish them. It turned out so great.
WE finished in record time. Once they formed the idea it flew.
Then it was time for the rock towers, this I have done on The North Shore,
The last day of class students paid up groups of two or three to do the
large project, some in trees, some on the rocky shoveling. One of my favorite
is the rock hanging wall. The other is the charcoal in the mountain. The team
from Belarus began the project, then abandoned the idea, and did that one
more time. The night before there was a huge campfire in the middle of the
yard. They hauled most of the soot and ashes way up in the mountain on the
small paths with the remains of the fire, spread much in crevasse of the hill
and hung larger pieces of charcoal down on line, making the mobile and
stationary art. One walks along the path, turns a corner there it is in its
I hope one day we can do Land Art and experience this art form with all
of the other international influences.